Wood Fence Types

Elite Fence Company Jacksonville offers 5 different types of wood fences by default, and we are happy to make special orders upon customer requests. The type of wood you chose will directly impact the maintenance costs, life expectancy, and price of materials.
  • Spruce
  • Pine
  • Cypress
  • Cedar
  • Redwood
 

Treated Wood

Most types of wood can be pressure treated to enhance their resistance to rot, pests, and sun exposure. This process raises the cost of the wood slightly, but can more than double the expected lifetime of a fence. Treated wood tends to look greenish when new, and fades to grey as it ages, but this coloring can be modified with stains. Some customers prefer to use untreated wood for the genuine rustic aesthetic it provides, but most customers prefer to pay a little extra for materials, and enjoy the enhanced longevity and decreased maintenance costs of treated lumber.

At Elite Fence Company Jacksonville we value the safety of our customers and technicians. We will only use wood treated with chemicals approved by the Environmental Protection Agency as safe for use. 

Spruce Fences

 

  • Price: low
  • Untreated Life Expectancy: 4-9 years
  • Treated Life Expectancy: 20 years
  • Untreated Maintenance Costs: high
  • Treated Maintenance Costs: moderate

Spruce is one of the cheapest options offered by Elite Fence Jacksonville. It is one of the most plentiful woods on the market, and is largely sourced from White Spruce trees grown in the northern US and Canada. Spruce is a soft wood, and notoriously easy to work with, but also possesses a surprisingly good strength to weight ratio. Its an incredibly versatile type of wood as it is used to make everything musical instruments and aircraft, to fences. Similar to white cedar, it is prized for its beautiful natural white cream color, and can be stained over to take a wide variety of bright, and stunningly beautiful appearances. 

Spruce is a great option for a low budget wooden fence with manageable maintenance costs and an acceptable life expectancy.

Pine Fences

  • Price: low
  • Untreated Life Expectancy: 5-12 years
  • Treated Life Expectancy: 20 years
  • Untreated Maintenance Costs: high
  • Treated Maintenance Costs: moderate

Pine is the least expensive option offered by Elite Fence Jacksonville, and the most common wood type on the market. Most pine is sourced from either Lodgepole Pine species grown in the western US and Canada, or Jack Pines grown in the eastern US. Pine is a soft wood, and contains a much higher ratio of resin to wood than most other woods. Due to its unique structure, it lacks the strength of most other wood types, but is surprisingly durable. It naturally takes a dark, almost red hew crossed by yellowish lines that limits the outcome of stains to a darker appearance. 

Pine is a great option for a very cheap wooden fence, with a decent life expectancy, and reasonable maintenance costs.

Cypress Fences​

  • Price: moderate
  • Untreated Life Expectancy: 15-30 years
  • Treated Life Expectancy: 40 years
  • Untreated Maintenance Costs: moderate
  • Treated Maintenance Costs: low
 Cypress wood is an uncommon, high-end material in most markets US markets, but here in the southeast Elite Fence Jacksonville can offer it at a moderate price point because its a local export. Most of the Cypress wood in the US is sourced from bald, red, and yellow Cypress trees growing in the swamps along the eastern seaboard from Delaware to Florida and along the Gulf of Mexico as far west as the Texas-Mexico border. Cypress isn’t officially a hardwood, but it often gets used as one as it is much harder than more common species like pine or spruce. Thanks to this quality, Cypress fences tend to be more resistant to mundane damage like dents and scratches than softer wood fences. Despite this characteristic, Cypress is still fairly easy to work with as it machines well, and generally comes with few knots. One of the most attractive qualities of the wood is its aversive effect on most insect pests and specifically termites which are a menace to fences and other wooden structures here in the southeast. It is also resistant to rot and warping thanks to its natural watery home in swamps. Cypress wood is naturally a rich yellow brown color, and ages to a nice honey gold with a clear stain. Cypress is also light enough to be stained into most wood tones, but not the bright whites that can come from spruce or cedar fences.
 
Cypress is a cost efficient choice over the long term has a long life expectancy, and low maintenance costs for a wood fence, but it does cost more up front. 

Cedar Fences

  • Price: moderate
  • Untreated Life Expectancy: 15-30 years
  • Treated Life Expectancy: 40 years
  • Untreated Maintenance Costs: moderate
  • Treated Maintenance Costs: low
 Cedar is a high quality material offered by Elite Fence Jacksonville at a mid range price thanks to its wide availability. The wood we recognize as cedar in fencing mostly comes from two species: the northern white cedar, and western red cedar. Northern white cedars grow in eastern Canada, and the north eastern US while western red cedars are sourced from the northwest US and western Canada, but for fencing purposes the only significant difference is the color. Cedar isn’t a hardwood, but is still much harder than cheaper woods like spruce and pine boasting a superior resistance to dents and scratches. Despite this toughness, its still fairly easy to work with. Cedar wood is resistant to rot, and warping, and also has a natural oil that repels most insect pests and gives it a characteristic pleasant smell. White cedar has a beautiful bright white color similar to spruce, and ages to a silver grey. Red cedar has a darker brownish red color that limits staining options, but is beautiful in its own right. 
 
A cedar fence is a long term investment compared to cheaper options like pine and spruce, as it offers lower maintenance costs, and a much longer life expectancy, but will cost more up front.

Redwood Fences

  • Price: high
  • Untreated Life Expectancy: 25-40 years
  • Treated Life Expectancy: a VERY long time
  • Untreated Maintenance Costs: low
  • Treated Maintenance Costs: low
Redwood is the most expensive option offered by Elite Fence Jacksonville short of some special orders. The demand for redwood far outstrips the supply, as its strength and durability is almost comparable to that of steel or aluminum fencing. Most redwood trees are grown in California, and are the tallest species of tree in the world. Redwood is still considered a soft wood, and is fairly easy to work with even though it is harder than cedar or cypress. For this reason, a redwood fence can be very difficult to scratch or damage. Redwood is naturally resistant to pests, rot, warping, and even fire to some extent. Not only is redwood one of the most durable woods on the market, but it also well known for its beauty. Naturally, redwood takes on a gorgeous dark red hue that few have the heart to stain over. 

Redwood makes one of the highest quality fences money can buy with a lifespan of well over 25 years even when maintenance is entirely neglected. 

Summary

This brief overview is designed to give you an idea of what options a wood fence can offer, and we hope it helps! Elite Fence Jacksonville strongly recommends that you use the link below to let one of our elite technicians come out and examine your needs, the installation site, and give you a firm price estimate before making your final decision on the type of fence you want to have installed.

At Elite Fence Jacksonville we appreciate your time and business! Feel free to ask us a question!